Year : 2016  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 43-50

Cytomorphological study of lymph node lesions: A study of 187 cases

Department of Pathology, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College and Research Centre, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Shruti Vimal
D-1, 702, Nisarg Nirmati, Pimple Saudagar, Pune - 411 027, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0975-2870.172428

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Introduction: As components of peripheral or secondary lymphoid organs, lymph nodes are an important part of immune system. Their enlargement is noted in a wide spectrum of diseases, including infections and malignancy, they are a common finding in clinical practice. Therefore, peripheral lymphadenopathy is common in all age groups and management of cases depends on lymph node pathology, which can be studied by collecting material through fine-needle aspiration or excision biopsy. Objectives: The study was undertaken to assess the cytomorphological features and incidence of various lymph node diseases on fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and to analyze the utility and diagnostic importance of FNAC in lymph node diseases. Materials and Methods: In the study total of 187 patients were selected who had presented with lymph node enlargement at Department of Pathology in our Tertiary Care Centre. Results: Reactive lymphoid lesions comprised the majority (33.69%) followed by tubercular lymphadenitis, metastatic malignancies, acute suppurative lymphadenitis, and lymphomas, respectively. Conclusion: Reactive lymphoid and tubercular lesions were the most common among the lymph node swellings presentations. FNAC is a simple, safe, reliable, and inexpensive method in early detection of lymph node lesions, which has been proven once again in this study.

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