ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 66-71

Impact evaluation of two methods of dental health education among children of a primary school in rural India


1 Department of Community Medicine, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Surgery, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Neha Singh
Department of Community Medicine, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune - 411 040, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0975-2870.167988

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Background: Impact of two methods of dental health education (DHE) on knowledge and practices of primary school children in a rural area regarding oral care was planned to be studied. Materials and Methods: Study population comprised of 199 primary school children aged 10-13 years in rural field practice area of a medical college. After collecting baseline data, students were allocated into two groups by block randomization using variable blocks. DHE with educational pamphlets and demonstrations was given to both groups. In addition, the intervention group was also shown videos showing correct oral health practices. Data were proposed to be collected at 3 and 6 months from baseline for impact evaluation. The results at 3 months postintervention are being presented. Results: The results after 3 months of intervention found significant difference in the impact on: (a) Practices regarding method of cleaning teeth (P < 0.001), (b) knowledge on best method of cleaning teeth (P < 0.001), (c) reason for regular brushing of teeth (P < 0.001), and (d) requirement to clean teeth after eating something sweet (P < 0.001) in favor of group receiving additional intervention. Conclusion: There is a significant difference in the impact of health education using integrated modes of pamphlets distribution, demonstrations, and A-V aids (group A) as compared to demonstrations and pamphlets distribution only (group B).


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