|LETTER TO THE EDITOR
|Year : 2014 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 96
Knowledge attitude and practices regarding hepatitis 'B' among class IV hospital workers of tertiary care teaching hospital in Pune, India
Shankar Bhosale, Sudhanshu Tripathi, Kevin Fernandez
Departments of Community Medicine, Smt. Kashibai Navale Medical College and General Hospital (SKNMC & GH), Narhe, Pune, Maharashtra, India
|Date of Web Publication||10-Dec-2013|
Department of Community Medicine, SKNMC & GH, Narhe, Pune - 411 041, Maharashtra
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Bhosale S, Tripathi S, Fernandez K. Knowledge attitude and practices regarding hepatitis 'B' among class IV hospital workers of tertiary care teaching hospital in Pune, India. Med J DY Patil Univ 2014;7:96
Hepatitis 'B' virus infection is endemic throughout the world  Health-care workers including, class IV hospital workers are at risk of acquiring the infection while at work.  An estimated 2 billion people have been infected with hepatitis 'B' at some time in their life and 350 million of these cases remain chronic carriers. It is the 10 th leading cause of death worldwide.  Lack of knowledge regarding the modes of transmission and methods of prevention is still a threat. This was brought out from a study conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital in Pune, India with the objective to assess the basic knowledge, attitude, and practices, about viral Hepatitis 'B' among class IV workers. This was a cross-sectional study conducted between May and June 2011.
All the 219 class IV hospital workers of the institution were included in the study. A closed structured questionnaire was used.
A total of 105 (47.9%) respondents knew that Hepatitis 'B' is a viral disease. Unsterilized needles/syringes, contaminated blood and used blades were identified as a mode of transmission of Hepatitis 'B' virus by 118 (53.9%), 112 (51.1%) and 82 (37.4%) class IV hospital workers respectively. About 198 (90.4%) replied that if they were found positive for hepatitis 'B' surface antigen (HBsAg), they would like to have further investigations/treatment. While only 40 (18.3%) class IV hospital workers knew how to destroy/disinfect the blood and body fluids of patients in hospital and only 41 (18.7%) knew that it can be transmitted by tattooing, ear, and nose piercing. On the other hand, 172 (78.6%) hospital health-care workers did not knew that they are at high-risk of Hepatitis 'B' and only 56 (25.6%) got vaccinated against Hepatitis 'B'. This situation regarding Hepatitis B awareness exist not only in India but also seen across the world as reported by various investigators. ,,,,,
It can be concluded that class IV hospital workers need to be educated through compulsory, periodic on the job training regarding exposure to risk-factors of Hepatitis 'B' and practical aspect of Hepatitis 'B' transmission, prevention and control measures. Vaccination against Hepatitis 'B' among class IV hospital workers should be made mandatory.
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