Year : 2015  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 153-157

Prevalence and covariates of adult hypertension: A community-based cross-sectional study in the rural areas of Nagpur

1 Department of Community Medicine, IQ City Medical College, Durgapur ,West Bengal, Kolkata, India
2 NK Salve Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Center, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Community Medicine and Biostatistics, IQ City Medical College, Durgapur ,West Bengal, Kolkata, India

Correspondence Address:
Deepanjan Ray
C 87, New Garia Housing Development Cooperative Society, Kolkata - 700 094
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0975-2870.153142

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Introduction: Hypertension is an iceberg disease. A few hypertensive patients are actually aware of their status and only half of them are actually treated. It is a silent killer disease and hypertensive people die prematurely. A wide disparity exists between the prevalence of hypertension in developed and developing regions. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional community-based study involving 574 adult people from the rural community in Nagpur was selected through systematic random sampling from December 2008 to April 2009. Blood pressure was measured with a sphygmomanometer properly standardized and anthropometry was performed. Data were analyzed with SPSS statistical software (version 19.0). Results: The prevalence of hypertension was 20.38%, and the prevalence was higher among males. Age and weight were significant covariates for hypertension. Conclusion: In the present study, it is revealed that as the age advances, the prevalence of hypertension also increases. This was statistically significant. Hypertension was more prevalent in males than in females.

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