Year : 2015  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 165-168

A cross-sectional study to determine the pattern, health-related problems and social aspects associated with alcohol use among adults of the rural population in Pune, Maharashtra

1 DADH, HQ 5 Mountain Division, C/O 99 APO, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India
3 DADH, HQ 17 Mountain Division, C/O 99 APO, India
4 DMS (Health), Dte of Med Services (Air), Air HQ, RK Puram, West Block-6, New Delhi, India
5 DADH, HQ 25 Infantry Division, C/O 56 APO, India
6 DADH, HQ 71 Infantry Division, C/O 99 APO, India

Correspondence Address:
Vijaykumar K More
DADH, HQ 5 Mountain Division. C/O 99 APO. PIN-908405
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0975-2870.153148

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Background: The increasing production, distribution, promotion and easy availability of alcohol have resulted in alcohol-related problems emerging as a major public health concern. It is a causal factor in more than 60 major types of diseases and injuries and results in approximately 2.5 million deaths each year. It is also a known risk factor for increasing crime, work absenteeism, loss of productivity, damage to property and physical and emotional abuse of women and children. Objectives: The aim was to find out the pattern, health related problems and social aspects associated with alcohol use among adults of a rural population of Pune, Maharashtra. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a rural field practice area of the Medical College in Pune among 300 respondents during January 12 and February 12. Pretested WHO designed alcohol survey questionnaire was used for collecting data by interview after obtaining informed consent. Results: Out of 300 respondents 45.7% (137) were found to be alcohol-user. Among these 35.77% were "daily drinkers.' The most common alcoholic drink consumed was desi (country) liquor (33.5%). Daily drinking was found to be related to adverse health related events. Poor health status, deprivation of family, increasing occurrence of unintentional and intentional injury, the greater extent of health problems were significantly higher among users. Conclusion: Alcohol consumption was high among adults in rural population. The study has also revealed negative impact of alcohol on both, user and their family.

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