Year : 2016  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 465-468

Time of admission and outcome in traumatic brain injury patients

1 Department of Neurosurgery, Narayana Medical College and Hospital, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Scientist C, VRDL Project, National Institute of Epidemiology (ICMR), Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine, AIIMS, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
4 Department of Pharmacology, Narayana Medical College and Hospital, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India
5 Department of Forensic Medicine, Narayana Medical College and Hospital, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Amit Agrawal
Department of Neurosurgery, Narayana Medical College Hospital, Chinthareddypalem, Nellore - 524 003, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0975-2870.186064

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Introduction: In spite of heterogeneous manifestation of traumatic brain injury (TBI), it is affected by multiple factors at the time of admission. This pilot study aims to detect the effect of admission time, day, and month with outcome at discharge, among patients with TBI. Materials and Methods: It is a prospective study conducted in the Department of Neurosurgery at Narayana Medical Health Hospital, Nellore. The head injury patient data were documented on a standard proforma. FileMaker Pro Advanced 13 was used for electronic data entry interface. The analysis was done using Stats Direct version 3.0.150. The variables in categories and continuous were evaluated with descriptive and frequencies, respectively. Results: In the study, 337 head injury patients were reported with 7.12% (n = 24) mortality. The hospital discharge outcome was significant with age, gender, severity of injury, and seasons. More number of patients were admitted during 9 pm to 7 am, but was not significant. During all the seasons of a year, there was significance with admittance of head injury patients in working days of a week and patients' undergoing intracranial surgery. Conclusion: The pilot study reports that the outcome at discharge of a head injury patient has significance with admission at week, day, and season.

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